Crete 3rd Sept 2013
Today Baba and I went to Heraklion which is the capital of Crete (a big island state of Greece) and the population is about 200,000 people which is a biggish city but definitely the biggest in Crete.
We went to have a day together before starting school next week. Actually we are now on the bus going back home to Agios Nikolaos which takes 1.5 hours.
This morning we arrived in Heraklion about 11am and first of all found a cafe to have a cake and drink – I got to choose whatever I wanted so chose an iced chocolate and cheesecake – which is one of my favourite desserts. It was delicious.
While we were eating and drinking we got to play ‘Words with friends’ on my iPod. I am almost addicted to this game – it is like scrabble but you can also text the people you play with. I play with lots of friends and aunties and some people I don’t know but I never text random people I play with cause they are strangers and I don’t know what they are like, so my mum and baba said I could only text people I know like for instance I like to play my Aunty Jenny and Aunty Catherine and Xander and Edan and my mum and baba, my cousin Cara, etc. I like playing it because I learn new words and I just find it fun. When I don’t know what the word means baba won’t play me back unless I use the word in a sentence. For instance, I played a 54 point letter word with baba – it was ‘flays’ – do you know what it means? It is to ‘strip off the skin’ my sentence was ‘poachers flay the skin off a tiger or a crocodile and so many other animals’.
After the cafe we went to the Natural History Museum of Crete. There are three museums in Heraklion – the Natural history museum, the Archeology museum and the History museum. I picked the Natural History Museum because I wanted to learn more about animals of the past and nature.
The museum had won a Trip Advisor award. Trip Advisor is a really good app when you’re travelling – it tells you the best things to do and stay at in lots of different places. It also allows you to breastfeed in the museum which is a good thing.
I found out so many things that this blog probably will be the longest blog I’ve ever written. There were so many new things that I don’t have the time to write them all down.
The top two floors were about animals in the mountainous areas, shrub lands and deciduous forests – that means forest where plants lose their leaves in autumn.
Now, there were so many new animals and only a couple that I had heard of their names but I didn’t exactly know what they looked like – I’m going to do a photo gallery of them and there should be a caption at the bottom of each photo if you click down the bottom of the photo. I’m also going to write the name in English and Greek cause I have to practice my Greek. One of the most interesting animals was the Glass Lizard – it looks like a snake.
Most of these animals were dead and stuffed but there was a part of the museum where there was living animals like Iguanas and Cretan mice, Mediterranean Newts and lots of different snakes.
In a part of the museum was a dinsosaur exhibition from Patagonia in South America. There were lots of dinosaurs we hadn’t heard of. One of the very stange dinsosaurs was the Avarezsaurus which was only 1ft tall and up to 5ft long.
The Eropator lunes is is only 3ft long. We were really surprised at the size of these dinosaurs because we thought dinosaurs were always big.
This is a display of how they find dinosaur fossils.
Here is the photo gallery of some of the animals – I think I’ll have to do another gallery next time I go cause there were so many interesting animals and I didn’t take good photos of them all. I don’t think any zoo keeper in Australia would have heard of all these animals.
In Crete they found pigmy hippopotamus bones which lived here from between 800,000 to 400,000 years ago. They have been found in 17 different places – mainly in the Eastern part of the Crete. There was also a pigmy elephant that lived here.
A large elephant appeared on Crete approximately 200,000 to 300,000 years ago. Fossils have been found in only North Crete but in more than 20 different places.
The Dienotherium of Crete was only discovered in the year 2000AD. Crete was covered in lots of forests 9-7 million years ago when the Deinotherium lived on the island.
We learnt about earthquakes and went on an exhibition about earthquakes – where we got to feel what an earthquake was like – it was amazing – we were sitting in chairs like at school – on the floor there was a machine under it and it made fake earthquakes. It showed us a usual earthquake if you’re on the 1st floor of a building then same earthquake on the 3rd floor. Then it showed us what it felt like to be in two of the biggest earthquakes in the world – first one was in Tawain (forgot the year) and was 7.6 on the Richter scale. Then we felt the Kobe earthquake of 1995 in Japan which was only 6.9 on the Richter scale but felt much worse because it was very close to the surface of the earth. It was awesome to feel them. We were sitting up the front & had a bookshelf near us & lots of books fell down.
This is a picture of me trying to make a tsunami. A tsunami is a massive wave caused by earthquakes under the seabed. The most recent one I’ve heard of was the one in Japan in 2011 (I think) which was over 10m high & killed lots and lots of people.
There are lots of volcanoes in the Mediterranean. Some of them are active but many are extinct. One of the most recent ones that erupted was in Nysirios island in 1888.
Santorini is a very famous volcano – which is actually made up of 5 islands – it last erupted on 1950 AD and they described it as dramatic. Baba said we have to go there while we are in Greece because it is amazing and beautiful and very interesting if you like geology (rocks) which we love.
It was a fantastic day.